Spent Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Market Size Report – Outlook & Forecast 2030

Spent Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Market Size and Forecasts (2020 - 2030), Global and Regional Share, Trends, and Growth Opportunity Analysis Report Coverage: By Reactor Type (Pressurized Water Reactor, Boiling Water Reactor, Gas-Cooled Reactor, and Others); Disposal Type (Near Surface Disposal and Deep Surface Disposal); and Geography

Publication Month : Nov 2023

  • Report Code : TIPRE00031429
  • Category : Energy and Power
  • Status : Published
  • No. of Pages : 150
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[Research Report] The spent nuclear fuel waste management market was valued at US$ 6,124.1 million in 2022 and is projected to reach US$ 6,632.6 million by 2030; it is expected to grow at a CAGR of 1.0% during 2022–2030.

Analyst Perspective:

The global spent nuclear fuel waste management market has been segmented into five major regions: North America, Europe, Asia Pacific (APAC), the Middle East & Africa (MEA), and South America (SAM). Globally, disposal of spent nuclear fuel waste is a critical issue for countries using nuclear technology. According to the World Nuclear Association, till 2016, 390,000 tonnes of spent nuclear fuel waste was generated. As per the types of spent fuel waste generated, low-level and intermediate-level wastes are disposed of in near-surface disposal sites in the world. Deep geological repositories (DGRs) are being developed around the world to dispose of spent nuclear fuel as it radioactively decays so that it can be properly stored and protected for thousands of years. The experiences of the five countries most advanced in their DGR planning - Finland, Sweden, Canada, Switzerland, and France - show that evidence of technical and operational competence, as well as public acceptance, is necessary to make progress towards one DGR.

In addition, Asia-Pacific has more than 145 operational nuclear power reactors and about 30–35 nuclear power reactors that are under construction. Moreover, the governments in the region have a firm plan to develop additional 50–60 nuclear reactors across the region. The growing rate of industrialization and urbanization in Asia-Pacific is one the major factors expected to generate huge demand for energy. As a result, the deployment of nuclear power plants is increasing, which is subsequently generating the demand for spent nuclear fuel waste management in the region.

Market Overview:

Spent nuclear fuel (SNF) waste management is a critical component of the nuclear energy industry, involving the safe and responsible handling of radioactive materials generated during nuclear power generation. Spent nuclear fuel (SNF) waste management encompasses a range of activities, including the collection, transport, storage, and disposal of radioactive waste materials generated in nuclear reactors. The primary goal is to securely store and ultimately dispose of this waste, minimizing the risk of environmental contamination and radiation exposure.

The spent fuel nuclear waste management market encompasses the handling and disposal of high-level radioactive waste materials generated by different reactor technologies termed as spent nuclear fuel waste. This spent nuclear fuel waste demands distinct treatment and storage solutions. With a diverse range of reactors in operation, the spent nuclear fuel waste management market is segmented into pressurized water reactors (PWR), boiling water reactors (BWR), and gas-cooled reactors.

The disposal phase further differentiates the spent fuel nuclear waste management market into near surface disposal and deep surface disposal by considering varying safety and environmental considerations. This market's future growth is closely linked to technological advancements in waste treatment, stringent regulatory compliance, and the development of secure, long-term storage solutions. As nuclear power continues to play a role in global energy strategies, the spent fuel nuclear waste management market is poised for expansion, addressing the specific needs of waste types, reactor types, and disposal strategies to ensure a sustainable and secure nuclear energy future.

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Spent Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Market: Strategic Insights

Market Size Value inUS$ 6,124.1 million in 2022
Market Size Value byUS$ 6,632.6 million by 2030
Growth rateCAGR of 1.0% from 2022 to 2030
Forecast Period2022-2030
Base Year2022
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Market Driver:

Growing Deployment of Nuclear Power Plants

The global growth in energy demand, driven by population growth and industrialization, necessitates the expansion of energy production. Nuclear power can provide a significant portion of the electricity needed to support this demand, contributing to a reliable energy supply. In addition, energy security is a fundamental factor driving the global expansion of nuclear power. Nations seek diverse and reliable energy sources to reduce their dependence on fossil fuels, ensuring a stable energy supply for economic growth and national security. Nuclear power provides a steady and consistent energy source, less susceptible to price fluctuations and supply disruptions compared to fossil fuels.

Different from North America and European countries, where growth in electricity generation capacity, and especially nuclear energy, has been limited for many years, some Asian countries are planning and constructing new nuclear power plants to meet their increasing needs for clean electricity. According to the World Nuclear Association, there are 148 nuclear reactors in operation, and 39 are under construction, which shows the significant growth of nuclear power generation in the next ten years and hence drives the growth of the spent nuclear fuel waste management market in the coming years. Owing to these advantages, governments across the world are investing in building nuclear power plants to generate energy without emitting carbon. For instance, the government in Ontario, Canada, invested over US$ 25 billion in refurbishing nuclear reactors at the Darlington and Bruce nuclear-generating stations from 2020–2033.

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Segmental Analysis:

Based on reactor type, the spent nuclear fuel waste management market is segmented into pressurized water reactors, boiling water reactors, gas-cooled reactors, and others. Pressurized water reactor accounted for more than 80.0% of revenue in the spent nuclear fuel waste management market in 2022 and is expected to be the key segment during the forecast period. Currently, there are 359 operable pressurized water nuclear reactors in the world, and these are expected to generate more power as compared to other nuclear reactors, which in turn is expected to generate most of the spent nuclear fuel among nuclear reactor types. Simple design and low complexity are among the prime features boosting the adoption of pressurized water reactors. Also, they are considered the safest and most controllable systems. Meanwhile, as the primary and secondary loops are separated, the probability of contamination of the pressurized water reactor is very low, thus leading to small waste generation volumes.

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Regional Analysis:

According to The Insight Partners analysis, in 2022, Europe registered the highest market share of 37.1% and is expected to decline at a CAGR of 3.4% during the analyzed timeframe, owing to planned shutdown and sluggish nuclear reactor capacity additions in the coming years.  

European countries are engaged in adopting key strategies towards carbon reduction goals and the security & safety of their people from spent nuclear fuel waste generation. To meet the European Union’s ambitious climate-neutral goal for 2050, many countries in the region are moving toward carbon-free energy generation and utilization.

Currently, nuclear power fulfills ~25% of the region’s energy needs, and it accounts for ~50% of low-carbon electricity generated in the region. From 2006 to 2022, countries such as Romania, Hungary, Czechia, the Netherlands, Slovenia, and Finland raised their nuclear energy generation capacity; however, on the contrary, countries such as Germany, Slovakia, Bulgaria, France, Spain, and Sweden have recorded a decrease in energy procurement from nuclear power plants as these countries are more inclined toward nuclear decommissioning in the future. In addition, the aging of nuclear power plants in this region is also expected to slow the spent nuclear fuel waste management market from 2022 to 2030.

Key Player Analysis:

Augean Plc, Perma-Fix Environmental Services, Inc., Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB, Ansaldo Energia, US Ecology, Inc., Veolia Environmental Services, Bechtel Corporation, EnergySolutions, BHI Energy, and Waste Control Specialists, LLC are among the key players operating in the spent nuclear fuel waste management market.

Recent Developments: 

Inorganic and organic strategies such as mergers and acquisitions are highly adopted by companies in the global spent nuclear fuel waste management market. A few recent developments by key the spent nuclear fuel waste management market players are listed below:





EnergySolutions LLC received approval from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission for the acquisition of Dominion Energy Kewaunee, Inc. and the transfer of the Kewaunee Power Station operating license.

North America


Veolia North America, a subsidiary of Veolia Group, signed an agreement to expand its hazardous waste treatment and recycling activity business by buying Alcoa USA Corporation’s Hazardous Waste Treatment Site located in Gum Springs, U.S.


Report Coverage
Report Coverage

Revenue forecast, Company Analysis, Industry landscape, Growth factors, and Trends

Segment Covered
Segment Covered

Reactor Type, Disposal Type and Geography

Regional Scope
Regional Scope

North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa, South & Central America

Country Scope
Country Scope

This text is related
to country scope.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are reasons behind the spent nuclear fuel waste management market growth?

Rise in demand for power generation from less carbon emitting sources, rise in deployment of nuclear power plants, regulations towards safe and secure disposal of spent nuclear waste management, contributing to the growth of the spent nuclear fuel waste management market.

Who are the major vendors in the spent nuclear fuel waste management market?

Augean Plc, Perma-Fix Environmental Services, Inc., SKB, US Ecology, Inc., and Veolia Group are the key market players operating in the global spent nuclear fuel waste management market.

What is the future trend for the spent nuclear fuel waste management market?

Key role of nuclear power in future energy transition is anticipated to stimulate the spent nuclear fuel waste management market growth in the coming years.

Which region to dominate the spent nuclear fuel waste management market in the forecast period?

Regions such as North America, Europe, and Asia-Pacific will boost the growth of the spent nuclear fuel waste management market during the forecast period. This growth is owing to the rise in investment on construction of nuclear power plant projects is expected to drive the growth of the market in the coming years.

What are market opportunities for the spent nuclear fuel waste management market?

Ongoing research and innovation on advanced nuclear waste management technologies in potential regions such as Europe and North America, where the adoption of the above-mentioned technology is matured at an exponential rate is expected to be the key opportunity in the market.

The List of Companies - Spent Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Market

  1. Augean Plc
  4. Ansaldo Energia SPA
  5. US Ecology Inc
  6. Veolia Environment SA
  7. EnergySolutions
  8. BHI Energy
  9. Waste Control Specialists LLC
  10. Bechtel Corp.

The Insight Partners performs research in 4 major stages: Data Collection & Secondary Research, Primary Research, Data Analysis and Data Triangulation & Final Review.

  1. Data Collection and Secondary Research:

As a market research and consulting firm operating from a decade, we have published many reports and advised several clients across the globe. First step for any study will start with an assessment of currently available data and insights from existing reports. Further, historical and current market information is collected from Investor Presentations, Annual Reports, SEC Filings, etc., and other information related to company’s performance and market positioning are gathered from Paid Databases (Factiva, Hoovers, and Reuters) and various other publications available in public domain.

Several associations trade associates, technical forums, institutes, societies and organizations are accessed to gain technical as well as market related insights through their publications such as research papers, blogs and press releases related to the studies are referred to get cues about the market. Further, white papers, journals, magazines, and other news articles published in the last 3 years are scrutinized and analyzed to understand the current market trends.

  1. Primary Research:

The primarily interview analysis comprise of data obtained from industry participants interview and answers to survey questions gathered by in-house primary team.

For primary research, interviews are conducted with industry experts/CEOs/Marketing Managers/Sales Managers/VPs/Subject Matter Experts from both demand and supply side to get a 360-degree view of the market. The primary team conducts several interviews based on the complexity of the markets to understand the various market trends and dynamics which makes research more credible and precise.

A typical research interview fulfils the following functions:

  • Provides first-hand information on the market size, market trends, growth trends, competitive landscape, and outlook
  • Validates and strengthens in-house secondary research findings
  • Develops the analysis team’s expertise and market understanding

Primary research involves email interactions and telephone interviews for each market, category, segment, and sub-segment across geographies. The participants who typically take part in such a process include, but are not limited to:

  • Industry participants: VPs, business development managers, market intelligence managers and national sales managers
  • Outside experts: Valuation experts, research analysts and key opinion leaders specializing in the electronics and semiconductor industry.

Below is the breakup of our primary respondents by company, designation, and region:

Research Methodology

Once we receive the confirmation from primary research sources or primary respondents, we finalize the base year market estimation and forecast the data as per the macroeconomic and microeconomic factors assessed during data collection.

  1. Data Analysis:

Once data is validated through both secondary as well as primary respondents, we finalize the market estimations by hypothesis formulation and factor analysis at regional and country level.

  • 3.1 Macro-Economic Factor Analysis:

We analyse macroeconomic indicators such the gross domestic product (GDP), increase in the demand for goods and services across industries, technological advancement, regional economic growth, governmental policies, the influence of COVID-19, PEST analysis, and other aspects. This analysis aids in setting benchmarks for various nations/regions and approximating market splits. Additionally, the general trend of the aforementioned components aid in determining the market's development possibilities.

  • 3.2 Country Level Data:

Various factors that are especially aligned to the country are taken into account to determine the market size for a certain area and country, including the presence of vendors, such as headquarters and offices, the country's GDP, demand patterns, and industry growth. To comprehend the market dynamics for the nation, a number of growth variables, inhibitors, application areas, and current market trends are researched. The aforementioned elements aid in determining the country's overall market's growth potential.

  • 3.3 Company Profile:

The “Table of Contents” is formulated by listing and analyzing more than 25 - 30 companies operating in the market ecosystem across geographies. However, we profile only 10 companies as a standard practice in our syndicate reports. These 10 companies comprise leading, emerging, and regional players. Nonetheless, our analysis is not restricted to the 10 listed companies, we also analyze other companies present in the market to develop a holistic view and understand the prevailing trends. The “Company Profiles” section in the report covers key facts, business description, products & services, financial information, SWOT analysis, and key developments. The financial information presented is extracted from the annual reports and official documents of the publicly listed companies. Upon collecting the information for the sections of respective companies, we verify them via various primary sources and then compile the data in respective company profiles. The company level information helps us in deriving the base number as well as in forecasting the market size.

  • 3.4 Developing Base Number:

Aggregation of sales statistics (2020-2022) and macro-economic factor, and other secondary and primary research insights are utilized to arrive at base number and related market shares for 2022. The data gaps are identified in this step and relevant market data is analyzed, collected from paid primary interviews or databases. On finalizing the base year market size, forecasts are developed on the basis of macro-economic, industry and market growth factors and company level analysis.

  1. Data Triangulation and Final Review:

The market findings and base year market size calculations are validated from supply as well as demand side. Demand side validations are based on macro-economic factor analysis and benchmarks for respective regions and countries. In case of supply side validations, revenues of major companies are estimated (in case not available) based on industry benchmark, approximate number of employees, product portfolio, and primary interviews revenues are gathered. Further revenue from target product/service segment is assessed to avoid overshooting of market statistics. In case of heavy deviations between supply and demand side values, all thes steps are repeated to achieve synchronization.

We follow an iterative model, wherein we share our research findings with Subject Matter Experts (SME’s) and Key Opinion Leaders (KOLs) until consensus view of the market is not formulated – this model negates any drastic deviation in the opinions of experts. Only validated and universally acceptable research findings are quoted in our reports.

We have important check points that we use to validate our research findings – which we call – data triangulation, where we validate the information, we generate from secondary sources with primary interviews and then we re-validate with our internal data bases and Subject matter experts. This comprehensive model enables us to deliver high quality, reliable data in shortest possible time.

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