Hydrogen Fuel Cell Train Market Report – Size & Share 2030

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Train Market Size and Forecasts (2020 - 2030), Global and Regional Share, Trends, and Growth Opportunity Analysis Report Coverage: By Technology (Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell, Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell, and Others), Component (Hydrogen Fuel Cell Pack, Batteries, Electric Traction Motors, and Others), Rail Type (Passenger Rail, Commuter Rail, Light Rail, Trams, Freight, and Others) and Geography

Publication Month : Sep 2023

  • Report Code : TIPRE00030051
  • Category : Automotive and Transportation
  • Status : Published
  • No. of Pages : 148
Inquire Before Buy



[Research Report] The hydrogen fuel cell train market was valued at US$ 1,450.98 million in 2022 and is projected to reach US$ 3,458.62 million by 2030; it is expected to register a CAGR of 11.5% during 2022–2030.


Analyst Perspective:

The global hydrogen fuel cell train market is segmented by region into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and the Rest of the World (Middle East & Africa and South & Central America). Hydrogen fuel cell train runs on the basic principle of electrochemical reaction between oxygen and hydrogen for producing electricity. The hydrogen fuel cell train is one of the most favorable alternatives to fossil fuels and high carbon emission technologies as it only generates water as a waste product.

The growing concern about mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and controlling the carbon footprint positively influences the Europe hydrogen fuel cell train market. The increasing advancement in the railway infrastructure and growing technological development in the transportation sector drive the hydrogen fuel cell train market. Germany, France, and the UK are some of the major contributors to the Europe hydrogen fuel cell train market share.

Increasing focus on reducing environmental pollution and controlling carbon footprint in the transportation sector is a major driving factor for the Asia Pacific hydrogen fuel cell train market. Growing pollution, urbanization, and industrialization are boosting the need for expanded transportation networks. The mounting awareness of the advantages of utilizing hydrogen as a prime element for powering vehicles and trains and its environmental viability boosts the Asia Pacific hydrogen fuel cell trains market. China and South Korea are two major countries in the Asia Pacific hydrogen fuel cell train market.

Market Overview:

Hydrogen fuel cell trains primarily depend on fuel cells to transform hydrogen into electricity. Hydrogen fuel cell utilizes the chemical energy of hydrogen to generate electricity. The process comprises an electrochemical reaction between oxygen and hydrogen, producing water as waste products. The transportation sector contributes a fair share in polluting the environment by utilizing fossil fuels, which increases the carbon footprint and boosts air pollution. Fuel cell trains are anticipated to play a significant role in transitioning to a zero-emission economy. Hydrogen-powered trains are projected to benefit the rail industry as a high-performing, zero-emission alternative to fossil fuels like diesel.

Customize Research To Suit Your Requirement

We can optimize and tailor the analysis and scope which is unmet through our standard offerings. This flexibility will help you gain the exact information needed for your business planning and decision making.

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Train Market: Strategic Insights

Market Size Value inUS$ 1,450.98 million in 2022
Market Size Value byUS$ 3,458.62 million by 2030
Growth rateCAGR of 11.5% from 2022 to 2030
Forecast Period2022-2030
Base Year2022
Analyst Image


Have a question?

Naveen will walk you through a 15-minute call to present the report’s content and answer all queries if you have any.

Analyst Image  Speak to Analyst

Market Driver:

Technological and Infrastructure Development in Transportation Sector is Boosting Hydrogen Fuel Cell Train Market Growth

Hydrogen-driven trains, battery-operated hybrid trains, hyperloop technology, and electrification in the railway transportation sector are some of the major emerging trends in the transportation sector to boost the propaganda of increasing efficiency and decarbonization. The growing focus on sustainable and environment-friendly alternatives to mitigate environmental pollution is boosting the demand for hydrogen-driven trains as an eco-friendly option in the transportation sector. Companies such as Talgo, Alstom, Ballard Power Systems, and Hyundai are key companies working on developing hydrogen fuel cell trains worldwide. In 2016, Alstom introduced Coradia iLint, a zero-carbon emission train, and it was commercially available in 2018 in Germany. In 2023, the Coradia iLint train was presented in North America to boost the development of an ecosystem for hydrogen technology. In 2023, Ballard Power Systems presented its advanced FCmove hydrogen fuel cell modules at the UITP Global Transport Summit in Barcelona to support the agenda of reducing carbon emissions in the transportation sector. In 2023, Hyundai Rotem introduced its hydrogen-driven trams for passengers in South Korea. The advanced hydrogen-driven transportation project started in 2021 and was supported by the South Korean Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy. In 2023, Talgo is planning to introduce its hydrogen-driven train in Spain. In addition, in 2023, China introduced a 100-mph hydrogen fuel cell train with supercapacitor technology. RRC and Chengdu Rail Transit combined developed the train.

Growing government initiatives such as funding projects and infrastructure development drive the hydrogen fuel cell trains market. For example, in 2023, the Indian Railways declared to operate 35 hydrogen fuel cell trains as per the "Hydrogen for Heritage" initiative. The project aims to revolutionize the railway infrastructure by incorporating hydrogen as the key alternative to fossil fuels. The growing advent of cutting-edge railway facilities and overall infrastructure evolution is a major driver for the global hydrogen fuel cell train market growth.

  • Sample PDF showcases the content structure and the nature of the information with qualitative and quantitative analysis.
  • Request discounts available for Start-Ups & Universities

Segmental Analysis:

Based on technology, the global hydrogen fuel cell train market is segmented into proton exchange membrane fuel cells, phosphoric acid fuel cells, and others. Several countries have been focusing on integrating various technologies into their respective rail infrastructure as a part of their green initiatives. The railway sector development has been witnessing strong growth due to the introduction of several green energy programs and targets set by governments of different countries, owing to which the hydrogen fuel cell train market is witnessing lucrative opportunities for growth.

Proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) is one of the most commonly used hydrogen fuel cell technologies in the railways industry. PEMFC technology stores hydrogen converts it into electrical energy through a closed carbon cycle and an electrochemical process, and supplies the power to the electric motors accordingly. Some of the major advantages of PEMFC are compact size, minimal maintenance requirement, lowest working temperatures, and longer service life. As hydrogen fuel cell trains are a new technology in the rail industry, the vendors majorly focus on developing products that can provide higher advantages over traditional fuel systems used across the rail industry. Some of the major countries developing PEMFC-based hydrogen fuel cell train systems are Alstom, CRRC, IHI Corporation, Ballard Power Systems, and Siemens.

  • Sample PDF showcases the content structure and the nature of the information with qualitative and quantitative analysis.
  • Request discounts available for Start-Ups & Universities

Regional Analysis:

The North America hydrogen fuel cell train market share is further segmented into the US, Canada, and Mexico. In 2023, North America's first-ever hydrogen train started to operate in Canada. One of the major factors driving the hydrogen fuel cell train market growth in North America is the presence of vendors such as Alstom and Ballard Power Systems. These companies have become one of the pioneers in the hydrogen fuel cell technologies for hydrogen fuel cell trains across the world. Many countries have already provided contracts for hydrogen fuel cell train technologies to these companies to advance their rail infrastructure and take a strong step toward a zero-emission future. In 2022, Stadler Rail—one of the rolling stock manufacturers—provided a contract to Ballard Power Systems to provide its hydrogen fuel cell products for the first hydrogen train in the US. Such developments have been driving the growth of the hydrogen fuel cell train market across North America.

The hydrogen fuel cell train market in the US is likely to witness strong growth in the near future. This is mainly due to the presence of major rolling stock manufacturers and hydrogen fuel cell manufacturers such as Alstom, Ballard Power Systems, and Stadler Rail. These companies provide hydrogen fuel cell train systems to customers nationwide and in other regions. Further, in September 2022, San Bernardino County (California) announced that it had signed an agreement with Stadler Rail to complete its vision of operational hydrogen fuel cell-powered trains by the end of 2024. In addition, the future procurement of such trains may include 25 more trains according to the same authority. Such developments are likely to drive the demand for the hydrogen fuel cell train market in the near future.

Key Player Analysis:

Alstom SA, TWI Ltd, Hyundai Corporation, Talgo, Siemens Mobility GmbH, CRRC Corp Ltd, WABTEC, Stadler Rail AG, and Ballard Power Systems are among the key hydrogen fuel cell train market players operating in the market.

Recent Developments:

Inorganic and organic strategies such as mergers and acquisitions are highly adopted by companies in the global hydrogen fuel cell train market. A few recent developments by key the hydrogen fuel cell train market players are listed below:





First hydrogen-powered trains by CRRC and Woojin. The traction systems of both trains are equipped with fuel cells and supercapacitors; the travel range on a single charge reaches 600 km. With a top speed of 160 km/h, CRRC's train outruns the one by South Korea's Woojin Industrial Systems, accelerating to 110 km/h.



Hyundai Rotem's hydrogen-electric tram is coming into the spotlight as an eco-friendly transport with safety, feasibility, and convenience for a hydrogen society ahead.


Report Coverage
Report Coverage

Revenue forecast, Company Analysis, Industry landscape, Growth factors, and Trends

Segment Covered
Segment Covered

Technology, Component, Rail Type, and Geography

Regional Scope
Regional Scope

North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa, South & Central America

Country Scope
Country Scope

This text is related
to country scope.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are reasons behind hydrogen fuel cell train market growth?

Growing government focus on lowering carbon emissions, reducing air pollution, and increasing renewables share in the transportation sector for boosting energy efficiency and declining carbon footprint is a major driving factor behind the development of the global hydrogen fuel cell train market.

Who are the major vendors in the hydrogen fuel cell train market?

Alstom SA, TWI Ltd, Talgo, CRRC Corp Ltd, and Ballard Power Systems are the key market players operating in the global hydrogen fuel cell train market.

What are market opportunities for the hydrogen fuel cell train market?

The growing technological evolution and more ongoing research are anticipated to boost the application of different fuel cell technologies in the near future.

What is the future trend for the hydrogen fuel cell train market?

The growing focus on producing hydrogen fuel cells for better consumer reach and using advanced technologies to produce green hydrogen for zero carbon emission are some of the major trends in the market.

Which region to dominate the hydrogen fuel cell train market in the forecast period?

The growing concern about mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and controlling the carbon footprint positively influences the Europe hydrogen fuel cell train market. The increasing advancement in the railway infrastructure and growing technological development in the transportation sector drive the hydrogen-driven fuel cell train market.

The List of Companies - Hydrogen Fuel Cell Train Market

  1. Alstom SA
  2. TWI Ltd
  3. Hyundai Corporation
  4. Talgo
  5. Siemens Mobility GmbH
  6. CRRC Corp Ltd
  8. Stadler Rail AG
  9. Ballard Power Systems
  10. PESA Bydgoszcz SA

The Insight Partners performs research in 4 major stages: Data Collection & Secondary Research, Primary Research, Data Analysis and Data Triangulation & Final Review.

  1. Data Collection and Secondary Research:

As a market research and consulting firm operating from a decade, we have published many reports and advised several clients across the globe. First step for any study will start with an assessment of currently available data and insights from existing reports. Further, historical and current market information is collected from Investor Presentations, Annual Reports, SEC Filings, etc., and other information related to company’s performance and market positioning are gathered from Paid Databases (Factiva, Hoovers, and Reuters) and various other publications available in public domain.

Several associations trade associates, technical forums, institutes, societies and organizations are accessed to gain technical as well as market related insights through their publications such as research papers, blogs and press releases related to the studies are referred to get cues about the market. Further, white papers, journals, magazines, and other news articles published in the last 3 years are scrutinized and analyzed to understand the current market trends.

  1. Primary Research:

The primarily interview analysis comprise of data obtained from industry participants interview and answers to survey questions gathered by in-house primary team.

For primary research, interviews are conducted with industry experts/CEOs/Marketing Managers/Sales Managers/VPs/Subject Matter Experts from both demand and supply side to get a 360-degree view of the market. The primary team conducts several interviews based on the complexity of the markets to understand the various market trends and dynamics which makes research more credible and precise.

A typical research interview fulfils the following functions:

  • Provides first-hand information on the market size, market trends, growth trends, competitive landscape, and outlook
  • Validates and strengthens in-house secondary research findings
  • Develops the analysis team’s expertise and market understanding

Primary research involves email interactions and telephone interviews for each market, category, segment, and sub-segment across geographies. The participants who typically take part in such a process include, but are not limited to:

  • Industry participants: VPs, business development managers, market intelligence managers and national sales managers
  • Outside experts: Valuation experts, research analysts and key opinion leaders specializing in the electronics and semiconductor industry.

Below is the breakup of our primary respondents by company, designation, and region:

Research Methodology

Once we receive the confirmation from primary research sources or primary respondents, we finalize the base year market estimation and forecast the data as per the macroeconomic and microeconomic factors assessed during data collection.

  1. Data Analysis:

Once data is validated through both secondary as well as primary respondents, we finalize the market estimations by hypothesis formulation and factor analysis at regional and country level.

  • 3.1 Macro-Economic Factor Analysis:

We analyse macroeconomic indicators such the gross domestic product (GDP), increase in the demand for goods and services across industries, technological advancement, regional economic growth, governmental policies, the influence of COVID-19, PEST analysis, and other aspects. This analysis aids in setting benchmarks for various nations/regions and approximating market splits. Additionally, the general trend of the aforementioned components aid in determining the market's development possibilities.

  • 3.2 Country Level Data:

Various factors that are especially aligned to the country are taken into account to determine the market size for a certain area and country, including the presence of vendors, such as headquarters and offices, the country's GDP, demand patterns, and industry growth. To comprehend the market dynamics for the nation, a number of growth variables, inhibitors, application areas, and current market trends are researched. The aforementioned elements aid in determining the country's overall market's growth potential.

  • 3.3 Company Profile:

The “Table of Contents” is formulated by listing and analyzing more than 25 - 30 companies operating in the market ecosystem across geographies. However, we profile only 10 companies as a standard practice in our syndicate reports. These 10 companies comprise leading, emerging, and regional players. Nonetheless, our analysis is not restricted to the 10 listed companies, we also analyze other companies present in the market to develop a holistic view and understand the prevailing trends. The “Company Profiles” section in the report covers key facts, business description, products & services, financial information, SWOT analysis, and key developments. The financial information presented is extracted from the annual reports and official documents of the publicly listed companies. Upon collecting the information for the sections of respective companies, we verify them via various primary sources and then compile the data in respective company profiles. The company level information helps us in deriving the base number as well as in forecasting the market size.

  • 3.4 Developing Base Number:

Aggregation of sales statistics (2020-2022) and macro-economic factor, and other secondary and primary research insights are utilized to arrive at base number and related market shares for 2022. The data gaps are identified in this step and relevant market data is analyzed, collected from paid primary interviews or databases. On finalizing the base year market size, forecasts are developed on the basis of macro-economic, industry and market growth factors and company level analysis.

  1. Data Triangulation and Final Review:

The market findings and base year market size calculations are validated from supply as well as demand side. Demand side validations are based on macro-economic factor analysis and benchmarks for respective regions and countries. In case of supply side validations, revenues of major companies are estimated (in case not available) based on industry benchmark, approximate number of employees, product portfolio, and primary interviews revenues are gathered. Further revenue from target product/service segment is assessed to avoid overshooting of market statistics. In case of heavy deviations between supply and demand side values, all thes steps are repeated to achieve synchronization.

We follow an iterative model, wherein we share our research findings with Subject Matter Experts (SME’s) and Key Opinion Leaders (KOLs) until consensus view of the market is not formulated – this model negates any drastic deviation in the opinions of experts. Only validated and universally acceptable research findings are quoted in our reports.

We have important check points that we use to validate our research findings – which we call – data triangulation, where we validate the information, we generate from secondary sources with primary interviews and then we re-validate with our internal data bases and Subject matter experts. This comprehensive model enables us to deliver high quality, reliable data in shortest possible time.

Your data will never be shared with third parties, however, we may send you information from time to time about our products that may be of interest to you. By submitting your details, you agree to be contacted by us. You may contact us at any time to opt-out.

Trends and growth analysis reports related to Hydrogen Fuel Cell Train Market